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16 июня 2019 г.

Началась пора экзаменов

Все мы разные, поэтому и стратегии подготовки к экзамену у нас будут отличаться. Отталкивайтесь от своих индивидуальных особенностей. Если вы аудиал, читайте учебники и конспекты вслух, если кинестетик — пишите по своим конспектам шпаргалки и составляйте план ответа.
Ещё один эффективный метод — карта мыслей. Это отличный способ структурировать информацию, освежить знания и быстро вникнуть в суть предмета даже спустя продолжительное время. 
Какие вопросы учить первыми? Если в течение семестра вы неплохо разобрались в предмете, приступайте к вопросам, о которых имеете хоть какое-то представление.
Если каждый новый блок нельзя понять без предыдущего, то вариант один: учите всё строго по порядку.
Также имеет смысл начинать со сложных вопросов, выделяя достаточно времени на их изучение. Лучше разобраться с ними, пока вы не устали и не потеряли концентрацию. Лёгкие вопросы оставляйте на потом.
И будьте последовательны. Придерживайтесь выбранной стратегии, даже если начинаете паниковать с приближением экзамена.
Стремитесь к пониманию, а не запоминанию
Вникайте в билет, а не старайтесь его вызубрить. Заучивание — заведомо проигрышная стратегия, которая к тому же отнимает больше времени. Находите логические связи в вопросах, придумывайте ассоциации.
Конечно, в каждом предмете есть информация, которую нужно знать наизусть: даты, формулы, определения. Но даже их запоминать легче, если вы понимаете логику.
На экзамене рассказывайте материал своими словами, домысливайте, чтобы ответ был более развёрнутым.

24 мая 2019 г.

Пятый день Недели


В заключительный день Недели языкознания был проведён открытый урок по английскому языку по теме «Жанры фильмов. Лексические упражнения.» преподавателями иностранных языков Т.А.Булкиной и М.В.Ворониной. Цель урока - активизировать коммуникативные навыки в ситуациях общения по теме. Урок проходил в форме соревнования между подгруппами, на котором студенты выполняли лексические упражнения -   составляли новые слова из букв слова CINEMATOGRAPHY, разгадывали кроссворды, ребусы и т.д.
В завершении «Недели» были подведены общие итоги работы и публично отмечены студенты, чьи работы были достойны особого внимания и заслуживали высокой оценки.
Это были студенты, которые серьезно и ответственно отнеслись к делу: они кропотливо работали над лингвострановедческим материалом, расширяя и углубляя знания по теме, приобретая опыт и повышая свой культурный уровень.
Они научились работать с информацией, проводить исследования, делать обобщения и выводы.



23 мая 2019 г.

Четвёртый день Недели

Задачей хит-парада было найти, проанализировать и отобрать информацию по теме, которая была бы кратко и лаконично отражена в презентации, и подобрать к ней иллюстративный материал.
Всего было представлено 17 работ. Самые содержательные и красочные работы были представлены на выставочном стенде. Студенты отнеслись к данному мероприятию серьезно. Работы выполнены старательно: во многих были найдены интересные факты, которые обогатили их знания по теме, пробудили чувство гордости за историю, за прошлое и настоящее культурного наследия.
Студенты показали свои умения не только в иностранном языке, но в использовании компьютера при составлении презентаций.
Они с большим удовольствием рассматривали выставочный стенд и обменивались мнениями.
Не менее интересно прошёл грамматический марафон, где студенты 1 курса показали свои знания и умения в процессе выполнения неординарных заданий: решение ребусов, кроссвордов, головоломки, загадок и т.д.



22 мая 2019 г.

Третий день Недели


Олимпиады были предназначены для студентов I курсов с целью повышения мотивации к изучению данных предметов. Они представляли из себя комплекс заданий, ответы на которые студенты давали методом тестирования.
Лексико-грамматические задания заставили ребят вспомнить материал, пройденный на занятиях, и применить свои знания и умения в данном виде деятельности.
Итоги дистанционной олимпиады по английскому языку были подведены автоматически на сайте Videouroki.net. Победители и участники олимпиады были награждены дипломами и сертификатами за участие в мероприятии.
11-ЛЛХ

12-ГД

21 мая 2019 г.

Второй день недели

Этот день начинался с Фотогалереи, посвящённой миру театра. 2019 год - год театра, это очень важное событие для культурной жизни страны, для формирования общественного сознания. Одной из основных задач проведения года театра видится возможность сделать театр частью жизни каждого из нас. 



В этот день прошла литературная игра "Морской бой" среди студентов группы 12-ГД, где они показали свои знания литературных произведений и их авторов.


20 мая 2019 г.

Первый день недели

Неделя языкознания началась с Литературно-музыкальной композиции, посвящённой А.С.Пушкину «Я вас любил…». Ведущие подарили радость встречи с поэтическим миром А.С.Пушкина, рассказывая факты из жизни А.С.Пушкина и читая его стихи.



Продолжением этого мероприятия был Конкурс чтецов, где студенты декламировали стихи А.С.Пушкина на русском и английском языках.




Итоги Конкурса чтецов
(русский язык) 
1 место – Мушкарёв Александр (13-ТОР) 
2 место – Сетдиков Алексей (11-ЛЛХ) 
3 место – Белов Антон (12-ГД) 

(английский язык) 
1 место – Шалыгина Яна (12-ГД) 
2 место – Цветкова Анастасия (12-ГД)
3 место – Кузнецов Даниил (13-ТОР)

Неделя языкознания стартовала


Неделя языкознания
Понедельник
20.05

Литературно-музыкальная композиция, посвящённая А.С.Пушкину «Я вас любил…» (1 курс) 
Конкурс чтецов стихов А.С.Пушкина и о Пушкине на русском и английском языках (1 курс)

Вторник
21.05
Фотогалерея «Мир театра» (2 курс)
Литературная игра «Морской бой» (12-ГД)

Среда
22.05
Олимпиада по русскому языку (1 курс)
Олимпиада по иностранным языкам (1 курс)

Четверг
23.05
Хит-парад презентаций «Занавес» (2 курс)
Грамматический марафон по русскому языку (1 курс)

Пятница
24.05
Открытый урок «Жанры фильмов. Лексические упражнения»
(Булкина Т.А., Воронина М.В.,12-ГД)
Защита индивидуальных проектов
Подведение итогов
Удачи в конкурсах!

16 мая 2019 г.



The Metropolitan Opera House: This opera house is situated in the New York, USA. It is the best theatre in USA. This is the Lincoln center, describe by many as the conglomeration of the arts and music and art with improved technology in the world.

15 мая 2019 г.

The Most Famous Theatres in the World



Covent Garden: Covent Garden is situated in London, England. It is also known as The Royal Opera House. Actually Covent Garden is the name of the area where this is situated. It is a musical institution with national and international reputation.

14 мая 2019 г.


Madonna
by ALEKSANDR PUSHKIN (1799-1837)

Not by old masters, rich on crowded walls,
My house I ever sought to ornament,
That gaping guests might marvel while they bent
To connoisseurs with condescending drawls.
Amidst slow labors, far from garish halls,
Before one picture I would fain have spent
Eternity: where the calm canvas thralls
As though the Virgin and our Saviour leant
From regnant clouds, the Glorious and the Wise,
The meek and hallowed, with unearthly eyes,
Beneath the palm of Zion, these alone. . . .
My wish is granted: God has shown thy face
To me; here, my Madonna, thou shall throne:
Most pure exemplar of the purest grace.



10 мая 2019 г.


Alexander Pushkin - I loved you  

I loved you: and, it may be, from my soul
The former love has never gone away,
But let it not recall to you my dole;
I wish not sadden you in any way.
I loved you silently, without hope, fully,
In diffidence, in jealousy, in pain;
I loved you so tenderly and truly,
As let you else be loved by any man.




9 мая 2019 г.

Alexander Pushkin

To ***
The wondrous moment of our meeting...
I well remember you appear
Before me like a vision fleeting,
A beauty's angel pure and clear.
In hopeless ennui surrounding
The worldly bustle, to my ear
For long your tender voice kept sounding,
For long in dreams came features dear.
Time passed. Unruly storms confounded
Old dreams, and I from year to year
Forgot how tender you had sounded,
Your heavenly features once so dear.
My backwoods days dragged slow and quiet -
Dull fence around, dark vault above -
Devoid of God and uninspired,
Devoid of tears, of fire, of love.
Sleep from my soul began retreating,
And here you once again appear
Before me like a vision fleeting,
A beauty's angel pure and clear.
In ecstasy the heart is beating,
Old joys for it anew revive;
Inspired and God-filled, it is greeting
The fire, and tears, and love alive.
Translated by Genia Gurarie




6 мая 2019 г.

The first Monday of May is a bank holiday in the United Kingdom. It is called May Day in England, Wales and Northern Ireland. It is known as the Early May Bank Holiday in Scotland.

Is Early May Bank Holiday a Public Holiday?

Early May Bank Holiday is a public holiday. It is a day off for the general population, and schools and most businesses are closed.

Ancient Summer Celebration

This holiday probably originated as a Roman festival honoring the beginning of the summer season (in the northern hemisphere). In more recent times, May Day has been as a day to campaign for and celebrate workers' rights.
In many places, the first day or the first Monday in May is celebrated as the start of the summer season. People organize events to celebrate the end of the winter season, fertility, and hope of the approaching summer.

Maypoles and Morris Dancing

A particularly widespread UK May Day tradition is maypole dancing. Children, particularly girls, dance around a tall pole, decorated with long, colorful flowing ribbons. The aim of the dance is to create a decorative pattern on the pole with the ribbons. The maypole danicng has roots in Roman Britain around 2,000 years ago, when soldiers celebrated spring by dancing around decorated trees while giving thanks to their goddess Flora.
Maypole dancing These days dancers weave ribbons around a pole rather than a tree.
Another traditional form of dancing, Morris dancing, is also associated with the beginning of May. This type of dancing is nearly always carried out exclusively by men who dress in white with bells on various parts of their costumes and carry scarves and long wooden sticks. The dancing is accompanied by loud accordion music. Groups of Morris dancers often hold displays on the early May bank holiday.

Crowning the May Queen

Other traditions include making floral garlands, decorating houses with flowers and leaves and crowning a May queen as a living image of the Roman goddess Flora. In some areas, girls go out very early to wash their faces in the morning dew. This is supposed to make them very beautiful in the coming year. In Rochester, there is a festival of chimney sweeps. Traditionally, May 1 was the only day in the year that they did not have to work. In Derbyshire, villagers decorate, or dress, the wells with flowers.
May 1 or the first Monday in May is also a day for large marches, particularly London, to celebrate and demand rights for workers. Many aspects of these marches are organized by the trade unions. Some people travel very large distances to join in the marches. In some years, the marches have ended violently, but in recent times they have remained peaceful.

Public Life

The first Monday in May is a bank holiday and many people have a day off work. Many organizations, businesses and schools are closed, while stores may be open or closed, according to local custom. Public transport systems often run to a holiday timetable.

Background

Many types of May Day celebrations date back to fertility rituals performed in pagan times. This is particularly true of events to celebrate Flora, a Roman goddess. Through the ages, there have been some attempts to outlaw this type of celebration, because it was seen as unchristian. However, the celebrations have been remarkably robust.
In Scotland, the Early May Bank holiday has been observed on the first Monday in May since 1871, but was only introduced in the rest of the United Kingdom in 1978. In 1995 and only in that year, this bank holiday was moved to the second Monday in May (May 8) to commemorate the 50th anniversary of the allies accepting the surrender of the armed forces of Nazi Germany. This was the formal end of World War II and is known as VE Day.

2 мая 2019 г.

Внимание! Скоро Неделя Иностранных Языков!


С 20 по 24 мая будет проходить Неделя языкознания!
Понедельник - Литературно-музыкальная композиция, посвящённая А.С.Пушкину «Я вас любил…» (1 курс), Конкурс чтецов стихов А.С.Пушкина и о Пушкине на русском и английском языках (1 курс)
Вторник -  Фотогалерея «Мир театра» (2 курс), 
                  Литературная игра «Морской бой» (12-ГД)
Среда -     Олимпиада по русскому языку (1 курс), 
                  Олимпиада по иностранным языкам (1 курс)
Четверг -   Хит-парад презентаций «Занавес» (2 курс), 
                   Грамматический марафон по русскому языку (1 курс)
Пятница - Открытый урок «Жанры фильмов. Лексические упражнения» (Булкина Т.А., Воронина М.В.,12-ГД), 
                   Защита индивидуальных проектов
                   Подведение итогов

Желаю всем удачи! Good Luck!

23 апреля 2019 г.

Many fans and enthusiasts of William Shakespeare, who was one of England’s greatest poets and dramatists, celebrate National Shakespeare Day, also known as Shakespeare Day, on April 23 each year. April 23 is also St George’s Day and the United Nations’ World Book and Copyright Day, which was a natural choice to pay a worldwide tribute to writers such as Shakespeare.

Is Shakespeare Day a Public Holiday?

Shakespeare Day is not a public holiday. Businesses have normal opening hours.
What Do People Do?
Special pageants are held at Stratford-upon-Avon in Warwickshire, where Shakespeare was born and where thousands of tourists go each year to see his plays performed. The bells of Holy Trinity Church ring out and the Mayor of Stratford leads a procession there to lay flowers on Shakespeare’s’ grave. The procession includes bands, civic dignitaries, costumed actors and actresses, Morris dancers, and the staff and pupils of some local schools.
In some schools, regular lessons are set aside for students to learn about the great playwright and poet, and his sonnets, narrative poems and plays. Enthusiasts and fans, including the British Shakespeare Company, have campaigned for Parliament in the United Kingdom to officially recognize national Shakespeare Day.

Public Life

Shakespeare’s Birthday is an observance and not a bank holiday in the United Kingdom.

Background

No one really knows the exact date of William Shakespeare’s birth, although he was baptized on April 26, 1564, and died on April 23, 1616. Some believe he was born on April 23, although birth dates were generally not recorded in his time. In his younger years Shakespeare attended the Christian Holy Trinity church, the now famous limestone cross-shaped cathedral on the banks of the Avon River in the United Kingdom.
At the age of 18 Shakespeare married Anne Hathaway, who bore him three children. Between 1585 and 1592 he began a successful career in London as an actor, writer, and part-owner of the playing company the Lord Chamberlain's Men, later known as the King's Men. It is believed that he retired in Stratford around 1613, where he died three years later. Few records of Shakespeare's private life survive, and there has been considerable speculation about such matters, and whether the works attributed to him were written by others.
This Bard of Avon has been referred to as a “literary genius” and “Britain’s greatest playwright and poet”. His work includes comedies, such as The Taming of the Shrew and a Midsummer Night’s Dream, as well as tragedies such as King LearHamlet and Romeo and Juliet. Much of his work has been seen in modern-day theatre, the ballet and in modern films. His plays have been translated in many different languages across the world.
Shakespeare’s increasing popularity in modern times is reflected by National Shakespeare Day, which started as an idea from Robert J Williamson, the Artistic Director of the British Shakespeare Company. National Shakespeare Day is supported by many people in the United Kingdom, including government ministers.

Symbols

The Globe Theatre was a theatre in London associated with William Shakespeare. It was built in 1599 but was later destroyed by fire. A second Globe Theatre was rebuilt on the same site in 1614 and closed in 1642. A modern reconstruction of the theatre, “Shakespeare’s Globe”, is currently located in London. It consists of: The Globe Theatre, with a professional theatre company incorporating international artists playing a summer season of plays; Globe Education, which works with students of all ages; and Shakespeare’s Globe Exhibition, devoted to Shakespeare and his contemporaries in performance.
Other symbols identified with Shakespeare include: an image of the poet on a postage stamp or on a portrait; and symbols from his plays, such as a rose (Romeo and Juliet), a human skull (Hamlet), and blood, ghosts and witches (Macbeth).

21 апреля 2019 г.

Easter Sunday, also called Resurrection Sunday, is a Christian holiday celebrating the resurrection of Christ. In the UK, it is common to organize Easter egg hunts and get together for lunch with friends and family.


Is Easter Sunday a Bank Holiday?

Although Easter Sunday is not formally defined as a bank holiday in the United Kingdom, it is a day off for most people because it falls on a Sunday. In the UK, it is common to use the term bank holiday to refer to all public holidays.
Two of the other days of the Holy Week, Good Friday and Easter Monday, are bank holidays in all or most of the UK. However, Palm Sunday, Maundy Thursday, and Holy Saturday are not bank holidays.

Are Shops Open on Easter Sunday?

In England and Wales, opening hours are limited on Easter Day. Shops over 280 square meters are closed, including most supermarkets. Smaller stores are allowed to open, but may not always do so. In Scotland, there are no restrictions, and retailers are allowed to open. Nearly all other non-essential businesses and organizations in the UK are closed on Easter Sunday.

Easter Bus Times

Public transport systems may run on a different schedule during the Easter week. Sunday timetables often apply on bank holidays. In some areas in the UK, there may be no public transport at all on Easter Sunday.

Egg Hunts and Easter Bunny

There are many old non-religious traditions linked to Easter Sunday in the UK, just like in most other western countries, such as the USA, Canada, and Australia. People give each other chocolate Easter eggs and Easter bunnies or hollow plastic or cardboard eggs filled with candy. Egg hunts, a traditional Easter game where children try to find hidden Easter eggs, take place all over the UK. According to popular legend, the Easter bunny hides the eggs.
In some parts of the United Kingdom, people organize egg rolls, a game where they roll hard-boiled eggs down slopes. In another variation of the game, people knock hard-boiled eggs against other peoples' eggs. The winner is the person whose egg remains whole. After the game, the eggs are eaten. In some parts of Scotland, fondant-filled chocolate eggs about the size of a hen's egg are covered in batter and deep-fried.

Easter Sunday Roast and Daffodils

In the UK, it is common to invite family and friends for Easter Sunday lunch, and the traditional Easter Sunday meal is a lamb roast. Common decorations are dyed or painted eggs, little yellow chicks, bunnies, and spring flowers, such as daffodils, white lilies, and tulips. The colors yellow or gold are usually associated with Easter, as these are the colors the Church of England uses for the Easter Sunday celebrations.

Why Do We Have Easter Eggs?

One theory is that eggs are associated with Easter because it occurs in the spring. In pre-Christian times, there were pagan spring festivals, and eggs symbolized new life and new beginnings. However, dyed eggs are also part of the Christian Easter story.

Who Celebrates Easter in the UK?

Easter Sunday is one of the biggest celebrations of Christianity. According to the Pew Research Center, between 46% and 59% of the British population considered themselves Christian in 2014. However, a lot of people who do not see themselves as Christian also take part in Egg hunts and family traditions. In fact, UK chocolate makers have recently started producing halal Easter eggs, indicating that also people of other faiths enjoy Easter treats.

Why Is It Called Easter?

Nobody knows for sure where the English name Easter comes from. The most common explanation is that it is derived from the Anglo-Saxon goddess Eostre. She was associated with spring and fertility and was celebrated around the vernal equinox. This theory was first introduced in the late seventh century by Bede (“The Venerable”), a historian from Anglo-Saxon England. In most other languages, the name is derived from the Hebrew word Pesach, the Jewish holiday Passover.

Why Is Easter on Different Dates Every Year?

The date for Easter Sunday is usually the first Sunday after the first Full Moon on or after the March equinox.
In the period spanning from 1753 to 2400 in the Gregorian calendar, Easter falls on a Sunday between March 22 and April 25.
The Orthodox Easter date also varies every year in the Julian calendar, which is still used by many Orthodox Christian churches.

31 марта 2019 г.

Mothering Sunday in the United Kingdom

Mothering Sunday, sometimes known as Mother's Day, is held on the fourth Sunday of Lent. It is exactly three weeks before Easter Sunday and usually falls in the second half of March or early April.

Is Mothering Sunday a Public Holiday?

Mothering Sunday is not a public holiday. It falls on воскресенье 22 март 2020 г. and most businesses follow regular воскресенье opening hours in the United Kingdom.

What Do People Do?

Mother's Day, or Mothering Sunday, is now a day to honor mothers and other mother figures, such as grandmothers, stepmothers and mothers-in-law. Many people make a special effort to visit their mother. They take cards and gifts to her and may treat her to brunch, lunch or high tea in a cafe, restaurant or hotel. People who cannot visit their mother usually send gifts or cards to her.
An important part of Mothering Sunday is giving cards and gifts. Common Mother's Day gifts are cakes, flowers, chocolates, jewelry, and luxurious clothing. Some people do not give a physical gift, but choose to treat their mother or grandmother to a special meal, beauty treatment or fun outing.
Specially decorated Mother's Day cakes are available in many stores. In the days and weeks before Mothering Sunday, many schools, Sunday schools and children's organizations help their pupils to prepare a handmade card or gift for their mother.

Public Life

Mothering Sunday is not a bank holiday in the United Kingdom. Public transport services run to their usual Sunday timetables. Cafes, restaurants and hotels may be fully booked a long time ahead, as many people treat their mother to a special meal on Mothering Sunday. Those wishing to eat in a restaurant on Mother's Day may need to reserve a table in advance.

Background

Mothering Sunday was originally a time when people returned to the church, in which they were baptized or where they attended services when they were children. This meant that families were reunited as adults returned to the towns and villages where they grew up. In time, it became customary for young people who were working as servants in large houses, to be given a holiday on Mothering Sunday. They could use this day to visit their own mother and often took a gift of food or hand-me-down clothing from their employers to her. In turn, this moved towards the modern holiday, on which people still visit and take gifts to their mothers.
Traditionally, people observed a fast during Lent. Lent is the period from Ash Wednesday until Good Friday. During the Lent fast, people did not eat from sweet, rich foods or meat. However, the fast was lifted slightly on Mothering Sunday and many people prepared a Simnel cake to eat with their family on this day.
A Simnel cake is a light fruit cake covered with a layer of marzipan and with a layer of marzipan baked into the middle of the cake. Traditionally, Simnel cakes are decorated with 11 or 12 balls of marzipan, representing the 11 disciples and, sometimes, Jesus Christ. One legend says that the cake was named after Lambert Simnel who worked in the kitchens of Henry VII of England sometime around the year 1500.

17 марта 2019 г.

St Patrick's Day

St Patrick's Day occurs on March 17. It is a national holiday in Ireland and commemorates one of its patron saints, St Patrick. In the United Kingdom, it is celebrated in Irish pubs and in cities, such as Nottingham and London where many people with an Irish background live.

Is St Patrick's Day a Public Holiday?

St Patrick's Day is a public holiday in Northern Ireland, where it is a day off for the general population, and schools and most businesses are closed.



What Do People Do?

March 17 is a bank holiday in Northern Ireland. The degree to which people celebrate St Patrick's Day varies according to their religious and political affiliations. Those, who believe that Northern Ireland should remain part of the United Kingdom, do not generally celebrate the day. Those, who believe that Northern Ireland should become part of a United Ireland often celebrate St Patrick's Day. A large parade is held in Belfast but the level of public funding it receives depends on which political parties control the local council.
March 17 is just a normal day for many people in England, Scotland and Wales. They go to school or work as normal, and do not hold or attend any special events. Some may go for a drink in their local Irish pub at lunch time, after work or in the evening. However, in some towns and cities, particularly those with large Irish populations, parades and other large scale events are organized.
A weekend of celebrations is organized in Nottingham. These include a parade, children's workshops, an arts festival and performances by well-known Irish musicians. There is also a parade, attended by many thousands of people in Birmingham. An Irish festival lasting three days is held in Liverpool.
A whole week of celebrations is organized around St Patrick's Day in London. These include a parade and a festival held close to, but not always on, March 17. The parade visits Trafalgar Square and Covent Garden and the festival are held in Trafalgar Square, Leicester Square and Covent Garden. Together, the parade and festival allow people to experience many aspects of Irish culture including food, crafts, dance and music.

Public Life

St Patrick's Day is not a public holiday in England, Wales or Scotland. In these three parts of the United Kingdom, schools, stores, businesses and other organizations are open as usual. Public transport systems run to their normal timetables. Local events, such as parades, can cause some local disruption to traffic. If you think this may affect you, it is a good idea to check the local press for details.
St Patrick's Day is a bank holiday in Northern Ireland. Schools and many organizations are closed. Stores and other businesses may be open or closed. Public transport systems may run on holiday timetables. There may be some local disruption to traffic due to parades or other events. The bank holiday falls on the following Monday if March 17 falls on a Saturday or Sunday.

Background

St Patrick is one of Ireland's patron saints. He is believed to have died on March 17 in or around the year 493. He grew up in mainland Britain, but spent time in Ireland as a young man and later as a missionary. According to popular legend, he is buried under Down Cathedral in Downpatrick, County Down, and banished all snakes from Ireland. However, it is thought that there have been no snakes in Ireland since the last ice age. The “snakes” that St Patrick banished from Ireland, may refer to pagan worshipers of snake gods.
The date of St Patrick's Day is fixed as March 17. It is occasionally be moved by the authorities of the Catholic Church. This happened in 1940, so that the celebrations would not fall on Palm Sunday, and in 2008 to avoid Holy Monday, the last Monday before Easter Sunday. These changes do not often affect non-church celebrations. In particular, the bank holiday in Northern Ireland is still held on March 17 or the Monday afterwards if March 17 falls on a Saturday or Sunday.
St Patrick's Day was originally a religious occasion to mark the life and work of St Patrick. In 1903 it became a public holiday in the whole of Ireland. Pubs were not allowed to open on March 17 until the 1970s. It is only recently that St Patrick's Day has become a secular holiday.